By Len Doyal
Rejecting stylish subjectivist and cultural relativist ways, this significant publication argues that people have common and aim wishes for overall healthiness and autonomy and a correct to their optimum pride. The authors improve a approach of social symptoms to teach what such optimization could suggest in perform and determine the documents of quite a lot of built and underdeveloped economies in assembly their electorate' wishes
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Additional resources for A Theory of Human Need
A more formal way of making the same point is to note that when we both want and need things, we do so with respect to particular descriptions of them. g. 'H 20') which can be used to refer to the same same thing. On the other hand, whether or not I want something depends on my beliefs 42 Relativism and the Problem of Human Need about it and not on its actual attributes. g. g. 'the perfectly poached egg in front of me which may be contaminated with salmonella') (White, 1971, p. 114). Statements about wants, in other words, are intentional and referentially opaque because their truth depends on 'how a subject of experience looks out on the world' (Griffin, 1986, p.
The denials, of course, are understandable. Since individual self-determination is at the very heart of the belief that capitalism is both the most morally just and productively efficient society, it does not serve their political purpose to underwrite any criteria by which individual preference may itself be judged as problematic. Marxism: the cynical gaze of determinism The desire of Marxists to reject universal human needs on the grounds of historicaL cultural and economic determination is equally easy to understand.
213-18; Geras, 1983, pp. 107-16). For their political programme to have any clear point, Marxists must be committed to the existence of human needs which are the same now as they will be in the future - everywhere and for everyone. This is increasingly accepted in the late twentieth century, as universal constraints on human freedom and potentiality have been recognised and incorporated within Marxist scholarship and socialist politics. The predicaments stemming from psychology, biology and ecology are crucial here.
A Theory of Human Need by Len Doyal