By Pranitha Maharaj (auth.), Pranitha Maharaj (eds.)
Population getting older is an issue of world problem. It frequently happens in tandem with alterations within the health and wellbeing profile of the inhabitants. In Africa, many nations are already dealing with a excessive burden of communicable ailments. even though, as progressively more kids live on youth and circulation directly to grownup years and outdated age also they are prone to adventure illnesses linked to the getting older strategy. inhabitants getting older in Africa is going on within the context of excessive degrees of poverty, altering kin buildings, a massive sickness burden, fragile wellbeing and fitness platforms and susceptible or poorly controlled executive associations. This booklet exhibits that getting older is probably going to guide to elevated social and financial calls for for the continent. even though, such a lot nationwide governments in Africa have yet to deal with the problem of the way to reply successfully to the wishes of the older inhabitants. it will require a greater figuring out of the socio-economic and demographic state of affairs of the older inhabitants in Africa. This e-book fills the gaps that exist by way of exploring the social realities of inhabitants getting older in Africa. It additionally specializes in the coverage and programmatic responses, gaps and destiny demanding situations relating to getting older around the continent.
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The gender disparity in living arrangements is greatest in Northern Africa. Older men have far greater companionship in their old age compared with older women, and this is corroborated by the percentage living alone. Only 4% of older men live alone, compared with 12% of older women who live alone. K. Pillay and P. Maharaj 20 Men Women 15 10 5 0 Southern Northern Eastern Western Central Fig. 21 Percentage living alone, 60 years and over. Source: United Nations (2008b, c) twice as many older women (10%) live alone than older men (6%).
In addition, by 2050 the ageing population of Eastern Africa and Western Africa will increase to 9% of the total population, and Central Africa to 8% of the total population. The population aged 80 years and over constitutes 8% of the Southern African population in 2009 and will almost double to 15% in 2050 (Fig. 17). The increase in the size of the oldest demographic group concurs with previous observations in this chapter that the life expectancy of the ageing population is increasing in Africa.
In 2009, 8% of the Eastern African population was aged 80 years and over, and by the year 2050 it will increase by just one percent to 9%. In Western Africa the percentage of the oldest old group will increase from 6% in 2009 to 8% in 2050. Thus, life expectancy of the oldest cohort will not see much change in this region over the decades. Similarly, Central Africa will experience 2 Population Ageing in Africa 33 80+ Central 60+ Western Eastern Northern Southern 0 20 40 60 80 100 Fig. 18 The sex ratio of the ageing population.
Aging and Health in Africa by Pranitha Maharaj (auth.), Pranitha Maharaj (eds.)